Graceful silver birches Betula pendula
Sweet chestnut Castanea sativa
Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna. A tough, impenetrable tangle of branches, often with a twisted, fluted trunk when it is given time and space to grow into a tree.
Common lime Tilia europaea. Often has burrs at the roots with a mass of twigs, which have been trimmed in this specimen.
The mass of twigs growing from the burrs at the base of an untrimmed common lime
Beech Fagus sylvatica. Slender twigs with pointed buds.
Elder Sambucus nigra usually grows as a large hedgerow shrub that'sseverely cut back annually and only has a short life span but if it's left alone and given space it will grow into a small, densely-branched tree like this. Old elders have deeply fissured corky bark and twigs covered in yellow Xanthoria parietina lichen.
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